Nitin Gadkari, Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways (MoRTH), informed the Rajya Sabha in a written reply that there has been a decrease in road accidents, individuals killed and wounded from 2018 to 2020.
To address the issue of road safety, the Ministry has developed a multi-pronged plan centered on Education, Engineering (both of roads and cars), Enforcement, and Emergency Care. To raise public awareness regarding road safety, the ministry has implemented a variety of publicity and awareness programmed on social media, electronic media, and print media.
In addition, the ministry runs a road safety advocacy plan to offer financial help to various organizations in charge of road safety advocacy.
A high priority has been assigned to the detection and correction of black spots (accident prone areas) on the National Highway, according to the minister in his response to questions in Parliament.
At the planning stage, road safety is incorporated an inherent aspect of road design. Road safety audits of all highway projects are now required at all stages, including design, construction, operation and maintenance.
Automobile safety requirements have increased in terms of airbags, Anti-Braking Systems (ABS), tires, crash tests, speed restriction devices, compliance with fire alarm and protection systems, and so on.
The Motor Vehicles (MV) (Amendment) Act of 2019 establishes stringent penalties for guaranteeing strict compliance and increasing deterrent for traffic rule violations, as well as strong enforcement through the use of technology. The MV (amendment) act, 2019, has resulted in the publication of recommendations for the protection of good Samaritans and draught rules.
The Ministry of Transport issued a notification on February 25, 2022, mandating the procedure for detailed investigation of road accidents, the Detailed Accident Report (DAR) and its reporting, as well as timelines for different stakeholders, in order for the Motor Accident Claim Tribunal (MACT) to settle claims quickly .
Union Minister of Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari, informed the Rajya Sabha in a written reply to a separate query that the government has mandated the necessity of an airbag for the driver, according per Automotive Industry Standard (AIS) 145.
Vehicles of category M1 built after October 1, 2022, will be equipped with two side by side torso air bags, one for each passenger in the front row outboard seating position, and two side curtain by tube air bags, one for each person in the front row outboard seating position. This has been communicated in order to improve the safety of the vehicle's occupants.
The minister also informed the house about the notification that provides for Electronic Monitoring and Enforcement of Road Safety, which mandates that the State Government place appropriate electronic enforcement devices at high risk and high-density corridors on National Highways and State Highways, as well as at critical junctions in major cities with more than one million people.
The government has also established a procedure for identifying Blackspot. Accident on the Highway A black-spot is a 500 meter long section of National Highway where either 5 road accidents (including deaths/grievous injuries) occurred over the past three calendar years or 10 fatalities occurred during the last three calendar years.
Based on data gathered by police departments of state governments and collated by the Transport Research Wing (TRW) of this Ministry, blackspots are identified for immediate short-term mitigation and long-term permanent repair.
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