Kerala is the first state in the country to register an automobile that operates on hydrogen fuel.

In April 2022, the first hydrogen-powered automobile was registered in Kerala. As a result, the southern state has joined the ranks of the few states that permit the registration of such vehicles. Toyota Mirai was the registered vehicle. Toyota Kirloskar has introduced this all-hydrogen electric car into the nation for testing purposes.

The registration, admission, and exhibition of this vehicle are part of a memorandum of understanding signed between Toyota and the International Centre for Automotive Technology (iCAT) to investigate and evaluate fuel-cell electric cars.

The automobile will not be driven on public roads and will instead be maintained at a research facility to investigate India's first Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV). The Toyota Mirai is the country's first FCEV. The registered car is tax-free since it will be used for research and development. The state administration of Kerala has stated that hydrogen-powered vehicles will be tax-free.

The research is being carried out in preparation for the establishment of hydrogen fuel stations. FCEVs generate energy using a hydrogen-powered fuel cell. The combination of hydrogen from the fuel tank and oxygen in the air generates enough electricity to power the automobile.

The car's engine creates energy by breaking down hydrogen into oxygen and water. A tiny battery stores the electricity, and this electricity is subsequently utilised to power the electric motors. Water is discharged from the vehicle's exhaust as a byproduct.

The automobile takes five minutes to refuel and can go 600 kilometres on a full tank.

Mirai's electric battery is 30 times smaller than that of traditional electric automobiles. It is lightweight and charges more quickly. These characteristics offer it an advantage over other EV variants.

The car's engine creates energy by breaking down hydrogen into oxygen and water. A tiny battery stores the electricity, and this electricity is subsequently utilised to power the electric motors. Water is discharged from the vehicle's exhaust as a byproduct. The automobile takes five minutes to refuel and can go 600 kilometres on a full tank.

Mirai's electric battery is 30 times smaller than that of traditional electric automobiles. It is lightweight and charges more quickly. These characteristics offer it an advantage over other EV variants.

The Kerala government has issued a policy encouraging the use of green fuels, and the automobile fits the bill. The state's hydrogen-filling infrastructure is in its early stages. A network of hydrogen-fueling stations is being built.

The procedure involves Travancore Cochin Chemicals, Indian Oil Corporation Ltd, and Cochin International Airport Ltd. The solar power facility at Kochi Airport is one of the primary projects where green hydrogen will be produced.

The heavy-duty vehicle category is projected to be targeted in the transition to hydrogen-fuel cars. The Kerala State Road Transport Corporation (KSRTC) intends to transition to green fuel-powered buses. It has announced intentions to acquire 50 electric buses and ten hydrogen-powered buses, as well as to convert existing diesel-powered buses to electric.

The KSRTC's transport secretary is scheduled to attend an international conference in Amsterdam to learn more about the techno-economic feasibility of hydrogen-powered buses. As a consequence of Kerala's green hydrogen mission, the state became the first to integrate hydrogen-powered transportation in its zero-emissions mobility strategy. The state's transportation agency intends to attain carbon neutrality and envisions a hydrogen fuel cell-powered transportation system.

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