As EVs become more popular, there is a greater need to understand how to build charging infrastructure. So here are the specifics: An Electric Vehicle (EV) charging network with a large number of standard-powered charging points is preferable to one with a small number of high-power charging stations. For EVs, any parking spot where the car is stationary and has access to an EV charging station may be used to recharge the vehicle's battery. This is also known as destination charging, as opposed to "on-the-go charging", which occurs when cars rapidly charge their batteries in order to continue driving to their destinations.
Rather than carving out new areas for EV charging hubs, EV charging infrastructure could be offered in locations where vehicles are parked on a regular basis.
According to a handbook of electric vehicle charging infrastructure implementation brought by the National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog, "this approach to charging infrastructure implementation promotes a distributed network of EV charging points for users to plug into at various locations - at residences, apartment buildings, office campuses, shopping malls, metro and railway stations, bus depots, and so on."
EV charging stations must be installed in areas where vehicles often park so that EV owners may charge their vehicles while they are parked.
A dense network of standard-power EV charging stations lowers the need for high-power charging stations, which are more expensive and can be harmful to battery health.
Normal power charging stations are not only less expensive, but also use less electricity and take up less space. They may be linked to commonly accessible low-voltage single and three-phase distribution networks.
Lowering the initial costs of establishing charging infrastructure decreases the need for government subsidies and increases the feasibility of private sector participation in charging operations.
There are two types of charging. The first is private charging, which can be devoted to a personal EV or an EV fleet controlled by a single business. It is appropriate for private residences and designated parking spaces. The third sort of charging is semi-public charging, which is useful for shared charging for a limited number of EV customers. This can be useful in gated communities, retail malls, hospitals, and colleges, among other places.