The government will soon make strict quality inspections of batteries and cells in batteries necessary for two-wheeler Electric Vehicle (EV) makers, with the goal of assuring safety and restoring faith in such vehicles.
The decision comes amid mounting worries over the industry's use of low-quality batteries and imported cells to accelerate the production of electric vehicles.
According to a senior government source, the road transport ministry has formed an expert group that will shortly issue norms, and quality checks at the cell level will be made essential.
In addition, the government would enforce the Conformity of Production (CoP) of EVs. "To satisfy the criteria, we will develop a new Automotive Industry Standard (AIS). We will issue new guidelines to ensure quality control at all levels," added the official.
Currently, battery packs are being tested, and manufacturers have begun selling the batteries as part of the EV package.
Cells are the basic component of batteries, and if we don't examine the quality of cells, we can't guarantee the quality of batteries. The majority of firms import cells and merely assemble them to generate batteries. The government's new initiative is a step in the right direction, said one industry source.
According to government sources, the government would impose severe CoP regulations to guarantee that manufacturers adhere to the authorized specifications and designs of the Electric Vehicles (EVs). According to the present Motor Vehicle Act, government-authorized testing companies can pick up automobiles from dealers to ensure compliance with approved models, commonly known as type approval of a vehicle.
"Battery production should be included under Automotive Industry Standard 037 (AIS 037) and should attract independent type clearance and CoP procedure," said Balraj Bhanot, former director of the Automotive Research Association of India. By issuing quality control orders, the government should hasten the implementation of a mandatory battery marking scheme under Bureau of Indian Standards (BIS). It is now considered as a component of the vehicle, and type approval is covered by the vehicle as an entity.
Recently, Union Road Transport Secretary Giridhar Aramane directed two-wheeler EV producers to deliver standard operating procedures (SOPs) and testing standards for battery and other equipment quality checks. He also mentioned how some businesses have only 12-15 staff, raising concerns about their quality control mechanisms.
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